中国文化之二十四节气 / The twenty-fourth solar term in Chinese culture

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Jona LamMandarim
15 de Junho de 2018
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—— 二十四节气 一一
2016年11月30日,中国“二十四节气”被正式列入联合国教科文组织人类非物质文化遗产代表作名录。

节气是指二十四时节和气候,是中国古代订立的一种用来指导农事的补充历法,是汉族劳动人民长期经验的积累成果和智慧的结晶。

24节气分别为:立春、雨水、惊蛰、春分、清明、谷雨、立夏、小满 、芒种、夏至、小暑、大暑、立秋、处暑、白露、秋分、寒露、霜降、立冬、小雪、大雪、冬至、小寒、大寒。

—— 节气时间 ——
//春天//
1、 立春:每年的2月4日或5日,谓春季开始之节气。
2、 雨水:每年的2月19日或20日,此时冬去春来,气温开始回升,空气湿度不断增大,但冷空气活动仍十分频繁。
3、 惊蛰:每年的3月5日或6日,指的是冬天蛰伏土中的冬眠生物开始活动。惊蛰前后乍寒乍暖,气温和风的变化都较大。
4、 春分:每年的3月20日或21日,阳光直照赤道,昼夜几乎等长。我国广大地区越冬作物将进入春季生长阶段。
5、 清明:每年的4月4日或5日,气温回升,天气逐渐转暖。
6、 谷雨:每年的4月20日或21日,雨水增多,利于谷类生长。
//夏天//
1、 立夏:每年的5月5日或6日,万物生长,欣欣向荣。
2、 小满:每年的5月21日或22日,麦类等夏熟作物此时颗粒开始饱满,但未成熟。
3、 芒种:每年的6月5日或6日,此时太阳移至黄经75度。麦类等有芒作物已经成熟,可以收藏种子。
4、 夏至:每年的6月21日或22日,日光直射北回归线,出现"日北至,日长至,日影短至",故曰"夏至"。
5、 小暑:每年的7月7日或8日,入暑,标志着我国大部分地区进入炎热季节。
6、 大暑:每年的7月22日或23日,正值中伏前后。这一时期是我国广大地区一年中最炎热的时期,但也有反常年份,"大暑不热",雨水偏多。
//秋天//
1、立秋:每年的8月7日或8日,草木开始结果,到了收获季节。
2、 处暑:每年的8月23日或24日,"处"为结束的意思,至暑气即将结束,天气将变得凉爽了。由于正值秋收之际,降水十分宝贵。
3、 白露:每年的9月7日或8日,由于太阳直射点明显南移,各地气温下降很快,天气凉爽,晚上贴近地面的水气在草木上结成白色露珠,由此得名"白露"。
4、 秋分:每年的9月23日或24日,日光直射点又回到赤道,形成昼夜等长。
5、 寒露:每年的10月8日或9日。此时太阳直射点开始向南移动,北半球气温继续下降,天气更冷,露水有森森寒意,故名为"寒露风"。
6、 霜降:每年的10月23日或24日,黄河流域初霜期一般在10月下旬,与"霜降"节令相吻合,霜对生长中的农作物危害很大。
//冬天//
1、立冬:每年的11月7日或8日,冬季开始。
2、 小雪:每年的11月22日或23日,北方冷空气势力增强,气温迅速下降,降水出现雪花,但此时为初雪阶段,雪量小,次数不多,黄河流域多在"小雪"节气后降雪。
3、 大雪:每年的12月7日或8日。此时太阳直射点快接近南回归线,北半球昼短夜长。
4、 冬至:每年的12月22日或23日,此时太阳几乎直射南回归线,北半球则形成了日南至、日短至、日影长至,成为一年中白昼最短的一天。冬至以后北半球白昼渐长,气温持续下降,并进入年气温最低的"三九"。
5、 小寒:每年的1月5日或6日,此时气候开始寒冷。
6、 大寒:每年的1月20日或21日,数九严寒,一年中最寒冷的时候。

—— 节气歌 ——
春雨惊春清谷天,夏满芒夏暑相连。
秋处露秋寒霜降,冬雪雪冬小大寒。
每月两节不变更,最多相差一两天。
上半年逢六廿一,下半年逢八廿三。
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Hello! 你好nǐ hǎo! I am a Chinese teache, teaching Mandarin and Cantonese.I speak perfect Mandarin without accent. My qualifications are as follows: ✓ tongue from guangzhou. Perfect mandarin and cantonese. (cantonese must be fluent in mandarin) ✓ mandarin degree: the secondary level ✓ hanban Chinese as a foreign language teacher certification ✓ 1 years of teaching experience in China Teaching object: zero-based students (starting with tone/pinyin); Junior students; Senior students; Cantonese students; HSK preparation Teaching direction: students who want to learn Chinese or improve their Chinese ability; students who are interested in studying in China; Those who are interested in working in China; Chinese lover Teaching books: if you have your own book, it's ok. Just send it to me in advance for better teaching. If you don't have a book, I will recommend books for you. If you can't buy it in your area, I can buy it for you and scan it for you. If you have any questions about the language or even traveling to China, please just send me a message. I'd be very happy to answer you within 12 hours! I am looking forward to meeting you!
$15.00
USD/h
Flag Mandarim
China
7
Mandarim
Nativo
,
Cantonês
Nativo
,
Inglês
B2
Hello! 你好nǐ hǎo! I am a Chinese teache, teaching Mandarin and Cantonese.I speak perfect Mandarin without accent. My qualifications are as follows: ✓ tongue from guangzhou. Perfect mandarin and cantonese. (cantonese must be fluent in mandarin) ✓ mandarin degree: the secondary level ✓ hanban Chinese as a foreign language teacher certification ✓ 1 years of teaching experience in China Teaching object: zero-based students (starting with tone/pinyin); Junior students; Senior students; Cantonese students; HSK preparation Teaching direction: students who want to learn Chinese or improve their Chinese ability; students who are interested in studying in China; Those who are interested in working in China; Chinese lover Teaching books: if you have your own book, it's ok. Just send it to me in advance for better teaching. If you don't have a book, I will recommend books for you. If you can't buy it in your area, I can buy it for you and scan it for you. If you have any questions about the language or even traveling to China, please just send me a message. I'd be very happy to answer you within 12 hours! I am looking forward to meeting you!

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